Saffron Grower, Saffron Supplier in Malaysia
In Kashmir, the saffron cultivation begins first by the preparation of the fields in early July. The earth is tilled with the traditional hoe or tractors and from the loosened earth raised beds of convenient size formed which provides good soil aeration and drainage on which corms are planted. By October end the blossoms are in full bloom. The stigmas are bright orange-red and are clearly visible among the lilac flowers. The harvesting is done regularly once the blossoms reach maturity to get the stigmas in their prime. The flowers bloom only in the morning making early picking necessary. Traditionally, planting, harvesting, separation of the stigma from the flower, drying of the saffron is done by all the members of the family. Timing of harvest and speedy processing is very important, as there can be rapid loss of quality, particularly in the colouring and aromatic properties of the saffron. Simultaneously, while the crocus blooms are being collected, the stigmas are separated from the flowers. The stigmas are naturally and slowly dried, where the stigma shrinks to one fifth of its original size and enhances its bright red colour. Stigmas are either dried under sun or by using blower dryers for fast drying. People prefer sun drying under partial shade to preserve the shiny colour of the saffron. Rigid, dry and stigmas without wrinkles are preferred for use. About 165,000 fresh flowers yield about one kilogram of stigma.